News

What we do for better representation of women in Science

This week at the EGU meeting in Vienna, we present our experience and thought about the problem of under representation of women in Science. The team in Lyon is feminine (five women and one man these days) by coincidence, since the start of the project. We decided to take that specificity to discuss the issue together, being in contact with a social science expert, Philippe Liotard. We think that commitment to make a change had very positive effects on everyone of us, and the people around us. You can find the poster here: TeamPoster_EGU2017_light

Alice Adenis made few comic strips on the theme: Did this really happen? True stories unfortunately. Check this out and join us to improve the situation.

04-4_blog 08_blog

05-4_blog 06-3_blog 03-4_blog

Read more →

Lyon team in Sydney

Augury-EarthByte-cutout

The team from Lyon was in Sydney for 3 weeks of work with the EarthByters in December. The visit had the purpose to develop projects bridging geodynamic models and tectonic reconstructions. It was very fruitful to share data and thoughts. The time spent allowed specific work to be done mixing convection models and tectonic reconstruction data analysis. Several projects are underway following this stay. It was such a chance to be welcome like that, and to have two teams that share common grounds and values. We are looking forward the follow-up science initiated there. The group from the Basin Genesis Hub organized a field trip on the coast close to Sydney.

A-EB_fieldtrip_Dec_2016

 

Read more →

November workshops

2016-11-30 10.09.07

In November, Martina Ulvrova and Nicolas Coltice went to Utrecht to participate to the workshop organized by Jeannot Trampert to gather the people from the RheoMan project, iGeo project, ATUNE project and AUGURY. It was a 2 day workshop to share experiences on a common object: the Earth’s mantle.

2016-12-01 10.21.38 (1)

It was followed by the workshop in College de France in Paris on mantle flow, organized by Barbara Romanowicz and Patrick Cordier, where Nicolas Coltice gave a presentation. You can watch the video here.

 

Read more →

Bravo Docteur Bocher

Alexandre Fournier, Marie Bocher and Nicolas Coltice, after Marie's PhD defense.

Alexandre Fournier, Marie Bocher and Nicolas Coltice, after Marie’s PhD defense.

Marie Bocher defended her PhD on Friday November the 25th. The committee composed of  Luce Fleitout (Paris), Emmanuel Cosme (Grenoble), Tijana Janjic-Pfander (Munich), Georg Stadler (New York City), Stéphane Labrosse (Lyon) and Alexandre Fournier (Paris, co-advisor) and Nicolas Coltice (Lyon, co-advisor) congratulated her for her 3 year study on sequential data assimilation methods for mantle convection.

The PhD manuscript in english is available here: these_marie

Read more →

Un portrait de Claire Mallard dans Sciences pour tous

Claire-Mallard-Géologie-1050x669

Un portrait de Claire Mallard, doctorante au sein du projet AUGURY, a été réalisé pour Sciences pour tous. C’est par ici : https://sciencespourtous.univ-lyon1.fr/claire-mallard-revue-nature/

Read more →

Summer meetings

This summer was the occasion of sharing progress made on the AUGURY project. In July, Martina Ulvrova and Nicolas Coltice attended the Plate tectonics workshop organized by Paul Tackley and his group, together with Robert Stern. It was in Locarno, Switzerland, a beautiful place in the Alps. Many discussions focused on when plate tectonics started, and a next meeting is planned with expectations of significant advances in the near future. Martina Ulvrova presented her work on the life of subduction zones, Charitra Jain on continental lithosphere formation in convection models, Antoine Rozel on grain size evolution.

Group photo in Ascona for the Plate tectonics workshop.

Group photo in Ascona for the Plate tectonics workshop.

Following this workshop, the SEDI meeting in Nantes, France, was the gathering of deep Earth scientists working on the deep interior of the Earth and planets. Maelis Arnould presented her work on dynamic topography, and Nicolas Coltice attended the workshop. Tobias Rolf presented his work on tectonics and mantle convection. The meeting gave the opportunity for long group discussions on deep dynamics, and sharing between different communities.

13735510_10205561471271006_4890121239612469864_o

Group photo of the SEDI meeting in Nantes.

 

Read more →

New paper: Subduction controls the distribution and fragmentation of Earth’s tectonic plates by Mallard et al. in Nature

fig1-puzzle-tectonique

 

The theory of plate tectonics describes how the surface of Earth is split into an organized jigsaw of seven large plates1 of similar sizes and a population of smaller plates whose areas follow a fractal distribution. The reconstruction of global tectonics during the past 200 million years suggests that this layout is probably a long-term feature of Earth, but the forces governing it are unknown. Previous studies3, 5, 6, primarily based on the statistical properties of plate distributions, were unable to resolve how the size of the plates is determined by the properties of the lithosphere and the underlying mantle convection.

Here we demonstrate that the plate layout of Earth is produced by a dynamic feedback between mantle convection and the strength of the lithosphere. Using three-dimensional spherical models of mantle convection that self-consistently produce the plate size–frequency distribution observed for Earth, we show that subduction geometry drives the tectonic fragmentation that generates plates. The spacing between the slabs controls the layout of large plates, and the stresses caused by the bending of trenches break plates into smaller fragments. Our results explain why the fast evolution in small back-arc plates7, 8 reflects the marked changes in plate motions during times of major reorganizations. Our study opens the way to using convection simulations with plate-like behaviour to unravel how global tectonics and mantle convection are dynamically connected.

Download the preprint here: http://geologie.ens-lyon.fr/augur/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/Mallard2016_augury.pdf

Screenshot 2016-08-22 12.52.07 http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v535/n7610/full/nature17992.html

News about this work:

https://earth-pages.co.uk/2016/07/11/here-is-the-plate-tectonic-forecast/

http://www.pourlascience.fr/ewb_pages/a/actu-le-puzzle-des-plaques-tectoniques-enfin-compris-37282.php

https://lejournal.cnrs.fr/articles/le-puzzle-des-plaques-tectoniques-enfin-resolu

https://www.ethz.ch/en/news-and-events/eth-news/news/2016/07/a-most-irregular-puzzle.html

http://www.earthbyte.org/solving-earths-giant-jigsaw-puzzle-of-tectonic-plates/

Read more →

AUGURY @EGU 2016 in Vienna

vienna2016

 

From left to right: M. Arnould, M. Bocher, D. Bower, S. Brändli, P. Tackley, M. Gérault, N. Coltice, N. Flament and C. Jain.

EGU 2016 took place in Vienna between the 17th and the 23rd of April. We presented our work in progress through 4 posters from the team in Lyon. Nicolas Flament (Sydney) presented his work, as well as the team of Zurich. The meeting was a chance for Maelis Arnould, who started her PhD in September, to sit with her two advisors from across oceans (N. Flament and N. Coltice).

The group of Lyon presented a poster and a presentation at the session organised by Claudia Alves de Jesus Rydin (ERC): “Promoting and supporting equality of opportunities in geosciences”. As a feminine group, we were happy to share our experience on how we try to promote women in sciences, focusing on local actions and emphasizing democracy through a flat organisation. It was the occasion to speak with people on this subject that matters a lot for us.

N. Coltice gave a talk about getting funded through ERC, pointing that it is a difficult but important task to find ways to take into account the decline of funding for the operation of everyday collectivity.

Read more →

2nd AUGURY workshop @Valflaunès, France

From left to right: Dietmar Müller, Martina Ulvrova, Antoine Rozel, Andrew Meredith, Charitra Jain, Tobias Rolf, Mélanie Gérault, Nicolas Coltice, Claire Mallard, Paul Tackley, Dan Bower, Marie Bocher, Stefan Brändli, Maelis Arnould, Simon Williams.

From left to right: Dietmar Müller, Martina Ulvrova, Antoine Rozel, Andrew Meredith, Charitra Jain, Tobias Rolf, Mélanie Gérault, Nicolas Coltice, Claire Mallard, Paul Tackley, Dan Bower, Marie Bocher, Stefan Brändli, Maelis Arnould, Simon Williams.

 

The second AUGURY workshop took place in Valflaunès, France between the 14th and the 18th of February. The groups from Zurich, Sydney and Lyon, and Tobias Rolf from Oslo joined in the beautiful Château de Valflaunès for sessions of work. The goal was to assess the progress made by the different groups, and to share experience, technology and knowledge. It was also the possibility for us to work as smaller groups on issues and new collaborations.It was very fruitful and we made some steps in the modeling and on how to connect it with geologic data.

24723230719_fa3a5fd4f3_z

Tutorials on StagYY, GPlates and the data assimilation tool Marie Bocher developed recently were interesting times to enter the skin of people of different backgrounds. Martina Ulvrova presented the Python library she contribute to develop with Stéphane Labrosse and his team to analyze Stag outputs. Everyone pushed for more technology sharing. The presence of Dietmar Müller, Simon Williams and Andrew Meredith from EarthByte was very important to start bridging more closely the convection models and the plate tectonic reconstructions. Over the workshop, Paul Tackley identified some significant improvements that will be made to make a step forward in the modeling.

12711165_10153928123331948_5188189193409346827_o

The workshop took place in a wonderful atmosphere, and the sun was there to allow the hike of the Pic Saint Loup on the free afternoon. Everyone is looking forward the next workshop, but a meeting of the groups is already schedule for next EGU meeting in Vienna.

The group on top of Pic Saint Loup.

The group on top of Pic Saint Loup.

 

Photographies courtesy of Charitra Jain and Dietmar Müller

Read more →

AUGURY @AGU Fall meeting 2015

AGU-Image1-1024x433

 

 

Marie Bocher, Claire Mallard, Martina Ulvrova and Nicolas Coltice attended AGU 2015 fall meeting. A group from E.T.H. Zurich with Charitra Jain, Antoine Rozel and Paul Tackley, as well as a team from Sydney with Simon Williams presented works as well.

It was the occasion to present the latest results from the project: Marie Bocher presented a poster on Ensemble filter method that will enable us to perform data assimilation in 3D spherical geometry in the course of 2016; Claire Mallard showed her analysis of convection models to understand why plates have specific size distribution; Martina Ulvrova presented results on convection with a free surface and continents, and Nicolas Coltice presented a work on small scale convection and a work on predicting tectonics with convection models.

The conference was the occasion to share knowledge and experience with colleagues around the globe and show how our team progressed in the past two years.

Movie of small scale convection beneath the lithosphere in a convection model. The view is from below. The red isotherm represents plume interacting with the boundary layer.

 

Read more →